3VAE5CBA : Religion et politique en Angleterre, 1534–1689

Ressources supplémentaires en ligne : https://www.diigo.com/user/yanbrailowsky/cv501

Brochure de documents distribuée en cours : http://ufr-lce.parisnanterre.fr/organisation-et-contacts/equipe-enseignante/pages-des-enseignants-chercheurs/brailowsky-yan/yan-brailowsky-documents-enseignement-787202.kjsp

From the schism of Henry VIII in 1534 to the Toleration Act of 1689, England experienced several upheavals resulting from bitter controversies on both religious and political issues. During this period, England went through several succession crises; Protestants and Catholics were persecuted, and a king was executed after bitter civil wars.

The country became a constitutional parliamentary monarchy with a state religion halfway between Catholicism and Protestantism, more or less tolerant towards the many non-conformist sects, not an absolutist monarchy of divine right as in France.

The purpose of this course is to understand the complex links between the Crown and the Reforms during the reigns of the Tudors and the Stuarts, and to trace the evolution of the Puritans, from their exile under Mary Tudor, to the Glorious Revolution, including the execution of Charles I, through a careful study of primary sources (legal acts, pamphlets, theological treatises…) and secondary sources (historians’ articles and books).

The course will not only capture what distinguished the different religious movements of the time and their role in the country’s political and social life, but will also address the historiographic question: to study the political and religious history of England in the modern era is to seek to better understand the history of the world today. Finally, the course will also aim to train students to comment on historical texts and to write essays in civilization

Calendrier des séances 2019/2020

Le travail indiqué ci-dessous est à effectuer pour le jour indiqué.

12 September: Introduction, Henry VIII

  • In class: doc. Act of Supremacy 1534.
  • In class: doc. Ten Articles 1536.

19 September: Henry VIII

26 September: Edward VI, Mary I

3 October: Mary I, Elizabeth I

10 October: Elizabeth I

17 October: James I

24 October: James I, Charles I

31 OCTOBER: NO CLASS (Holidays)

Devoir à rendre le 7 novembre. Sujet à déterminer.

Longueur maximum : 8 pages ou 2500 mots. Rappel important : tout plagiat sera systématiquement poursuivi.

7 November: Civil War

  • Listen: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b010dstl (45mn), on the notion of original sin.
  • Listen: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00z5y9z (45mn), on Free will (cf. with predestination).
  • Read: doc. The Nineteen Propositions, 1642
  • Read: doc. A Solemn League and Convenant, 1643
  • Read: doc. John Milton, Areopagitica, 1644
  • Exercise: Declaration of Sports, 1633: Propose a detailed commentary outline. Write the introduction and conclusion (2 pages maximum).

14 November: Civil War, Commonwealth, Glorious Revolution

  • Listen: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00kpzd6 (45mn), on the trial of Charles I.
  • Listen: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01rw1k7 (45mn), on the Putney debates.
  • Read: doc. The Vote of No Addresses, January 17, 1648
  • Read: doc. Milton, The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates, 1649
  • Read: doc. Oliver Cromwell, The Four Fundamentals, 1654
  • Read: doc. The Declaration of Breda, April 4, 1660
  • Exercise: doc. Petition of Right, 1628: What legal precedents are mentioned by the petitioners to buttress their claim? Where their requests unusual? Which individual rights are asserted?
  • In class: doc. Declaration of Indulgence, April 4, 1687
  • In class: doc. The Act of Toleration, 1689
  • In class: doc. The Bill of Rights, December 16, 1689

21 November: Correction ‘devoir’

29 November: IN-CLASS rEvisions

5 dEcember: REVISIONS (STUDY WEEK)

14 December: FINALS

Devoir sur table en anglais. Durée: 2 heures.

Class policies

Please read them carefully and seriously. This is a computer-free class; all notes must be taken in notebooks. The use of computers, smart and cell phones is strictly prohibited; exception for full compliance to this rule will be granted only for students with a documented medical need. Non-web connected Kindles or other eReaders are permitted. Cell phones should be turned off and put away, beyond temptation’s reach. If I observe you texting or web-surfing in class, you will be dismissed from class and marked absent.

Plagiarism cases will be systematically prosecuted and can result in expulsion from the university.

Rappel des modalités de contrôle :

  • Formule standard session 1: contrôle continu. La note finale est la moyenne de deux devoirs écrits (30% pour le premier, 70% pour le second), dont au moins un devoir sur table de 2h (commentaire ou dissertation).
  • Formule dérogatoire session 1: 1 devoir sur table (commentaire de texte, 3h).
  • Session 2: 1 devoir sur table (commentaire de texte, 3h)

Bibliographie / Reading list

  • Cressy, David et Lori Anne Ferrell, Religion and Society in Early Modern England : A Sourcebook, Routlege, 1996, 2nd ed., 2005.
  • Foster, Andrew, The Church of England 1570-1640, Longman, 1994.
  • Smith, Alan G.R., The Emergence of a Nation State : The Commonwealth of England 1529-1660, Longman, 2nd ed, 1997.

A document brochure with a detailed bibliography will be distributed at the beginning of the course and posted on the Department’s website.